Vaclav Kostroun headshot

Vaclav Kostroun

Applied and Engineering Physics


After receiving his doctorate, Kostroun was a research associate in the Department of Applied Physics at Cornell for two years before he joined the faculty in 1970. In 1977 he was a visiting scientist at the Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation du Rayonnement Electromagnetique (LURE), in Orsay, France, and a  visiting professor at the Université Paris VI. For several months in 1979–80 he was a visiting professor at the Pontífica Universidade Católica, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In 1993 he was a visiting professor at the Czech Technical University in Prague. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.  

Research Interests

The objective of our research is to investigate collisions of highly charged ions with free atoms and molecules, as well as with atoms and molecules on surfaces at hyperthermal (10–200 eV) and low (0.2–50 keV) energies. This range covers energies that are of relevance to research on astrophysical and laboratory thermonuclear-fusion plasmas, the study of the composition and structure of surfaces, the fabrication of semiconductor devices and nanostructures, the growth of thin films, and the processing and modification of materials.

Highly charged ions such as O8+, Ar18+, or Xe44+ are produced in a superconducting-solenoid, cryogenic, electron-beam ion source by electron bombardment of ions trapped in an energetic and magnetically compressed electron beam.

The interaction of low-energy, highly charged ions with atoms or molecules results in the transfer of anywhere from one to several electrons from the target to the projectile. The multi-electron transfer occurs with a high probability and we are studying it in order to understand it and exploit it in the study and modification of surfaces.

Selected Publications

  • Vancura, J., V. J. Marchetti, J. J. Perotti, and V. O. Kostroun. 1993. Absolute total and one- and two-electron transfer cross sections for Arq+ (8­q­16) on He and H2 at 2.3 q keV. Physical Review A 47:3758–68.
  • Vancura, J., J. J. Perotti, J. Flidr, and V. O. Kostroun. 1993. An angle-resolved translational energy spectrometer for investigating low energy, highly charged ion-atom (molecule) collisions. Review of Scientific Instruments 64:3139–46.
  • Vancura, J., and V. O. Kostroun. 1994. Ionization and dissociation of N2 and CO in collisions with 2.3 q keV Arq+ (8­q­14). Physical Review A 49:321–28.
  • Vancura, J., and V. O. Kostroun. 1994. Ionization and dissociation of N2 and CO in collisions with 2.3 q keV Arq+ (8­q­14). Physical Review A 49:321–28.
  • Sadilek, M., J. Vancura, and V. O. Kostroun. 1995. Scattering study of single charge transfer in Arq+ (11­q­14) on Ar at 72 qeV. Journal of Physical Chemistry 99:15669–77.
  • Vancura, J. P. J. Mucha, and V. O. Kostroun. 1996. Spectroscopic study of electrons emitted in Arq+ (8­q­16) on Ar at 2.3 qkeV collision energy. Physical Review A 53:2379–90.